Functional Neurology AKA Chiropractic Neurology

Chiropractic Neurology or Functional Neurology is a specialty within Chiropractic, developed by Dr. Frederick Carrick.

It is a therapeutic approach based on clinical neurology, and focused on the balance between the two hemispheres of the brain, while considering and maintaining the fundamental biological requirements of neurons.

The basic requirements of each neuron are oxygen and glucose, which it receives through the blood stream (which means proper blood supply is required), and nervous stimulation. This stimulation can be either positive (Activation) or negative (Inhibition), but both contribute to the well-being of the neuron equally. According to this principle, the functional neurologist strives to locate the problematic area, and first make sure that these 3 requirements are met.

In Functional Neurology we distinguish between two forms of lesions - functional and pathological (or soft and hard). A functional lesion is an area of decreased function, due to decrease in the supply of one of the above factors. However, all of the neurological connections, as well as the blood supply to this region are intact, although they may not be optimal. In this case, the functional neurologist will find the correct manner to repair the functionality of the region. Pathological lesion requires actual tissue damage, such as a result of a stroke or trauma, a disease or other factors. In this case, it is the functional neurologist's job to identify the lesioned area, try and improve the functionality of this region, as much as possible, but more importantly, locate healthy neurological pathways that can stimulate the structures that are usually stimulated by the lesioned area, thus preventing their deterioration, and the general neurological demise is prevented, with full rehabilitation a probable possibility in many cases.

As mentioned, the balance between the 2 hemispheres of the brain is the other focus of the functional neurologist's work. Our central nervous system is made up of two halves (most commonly referred to, in regards to the cerebrum and the cerebellum, as hemispheres). Each hemisphere has functions that are associated with it to a greater extent, and both hemispheres must maintain constant communication with each other, which results in a sort of constant arm wrestling match between the two, required to maintain the functional harmony we simply refer to as - Life. When, for whatever reason, one hemisphere doesn't receive enough of the 3 factors mentioned above, its function decreases resulting in an increase in function of the other hemisphere. This imbalance can manifest in many ways, depending on the neurological makeup of the person, as well as the severity of the imbalance. examples for possible repercussions include muscle tone imbalance leading to sports and work related injuries, mostly on one side of the body; developmental disorders such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia etc.; autoimmune conditions such as asthma, allergies, eczema, lupus,  MS and others; Balance disturbances resulting in falls; pain management difficulties resulting in chronic pain syndromes, Fibromyalgia and more.

How does it work, in the office?

The care at a chiropractic neurologist's office is in its essence chiropractic care (according to the chiropractor's technique of choice, as well as the adaptations necessary for each patient), to which another level is added, that of functional neurology. This included a very thorough neurological assessment, as well as additional therapies, according to the specific lesion detected, including eye exercises, balance exercises, utilization of sounds and music, instructions for relevant changes in daily activities and more. In general, just like chiropractic as a whole, this is a very safe and effective therapeutic approach.